Murchison Falls, also known as Kabalega Falls, is a waterfall between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the Victoria Nile in Uganda. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only 7 m wide, and tumbles 43 m, before flowing westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than 10 m wide. This is the greatest spectacle on a Uganda safari through north western Uganda.
Samuel Baker and Florence Baker were the first Europeans who sighted them. Baker named them after Roderick Murchison, the President of the Royal Geographical Society. The falls lend their name to the surrounding Murchison Falls National Park.
During the regime of Idi Amin in the 1970s, the name was changed to Kabalega Falls, after the Omukama (King) Kabalega of Bunyoro, although this was never legally promulgated. The name reverted to Murchison Falls following the downfall of Idi Amin. It is still sometimes referred to as Kabalega Falls.
The launch trip upstream from Paraa presents an astonishing display of wildlife and culminates with the memorable frontal view of the Falls.
Recommended for birders is a morning cruise downstream to the Nile-Lake Albert Delta, providing the best chance in Africa of sighting the elusive Shoebill. This four- to five-hour return voyage also takes in a variety of other wildlife, including hippos, elephants and many birds.
A tranquil sundowner boat cruise at 5.30pm offers the classic view of an equatorial sunset reflected on the river.
Sport fishing, an activity practiced by tourists visiting Murchison Falls National Park has significantly boosted conservation of wildlife at the park. Sport fishing is a game in which professional fishermen use artificial baits to catch fish which they later return into the waters after weighing.
The rapids which empty the entire River Nile water through a constricted seven meter narrow gorge plunge four meters deep into a constantly welling pool. It is this pool downstream that keeps welling up with nutritive young fish and plankton for Cat fish, Tilapia and Nile Perch making some of the catch here weigh as heavy as 120 Kilogram.
The spectacular waterfall is considered the most powerful in the world. It is famous for mountain hiking over the many cliffs dispersed over an estimated 1.5 Kilometer stretch before the spectacular waterfalls where a wet shower is also experienced at the top of the waterfalls,
From these rapids to Albert Delta where the Nile enters Lake Albert, a distance of 40 Kilometers.