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Do you know that River Nile is the Longest River in the whole world? Do you know that it moves approximately 4000 miles from Lake Victoria in Uganda up to the Mediterranean Sea? On this page, we give the details about the river in Africa and its Flora and Fauna.

The River Nile is a major North-flowing river in Africa. It is the longest river in the world stretching north for approximately 4,000 miles from Lake Victoria in Uganda to the Mediterranean Sea. It has two major tributaries which are: the White and Blue Nile.

The Blue Nile Falls fed by Lake Tana near the city of Bahar Dar Ethiopia forms the upstream of the Blue Nile.

It leaves Lake Victoria at Ripon Falls, near a town called Jinja, Uganda, as the Victoria Nile. This segment of the river Nile has numerous waterfalls and rapids. 

The rapids here are of various grades, ranging from grade two to grade seven. d as the class seven (7) Murchison is also one of the largest parks in Uganda split into two parts by the famous Nile.

As you enter the park, a view of Budongo forest, rugged terrain of the western Rift valley and; the top of Murchison falls where water cascades through a narrow gorge 45M deep forming continuous uproar with visible rainbow through the day, all make your dreams come true.

The Northern part of the park comprises of open savannah and dotted woodland that harbors a variety of animals and birdlife. This is an area for game viewing and photography.

Flora and Fauna

Boat Cruise Ride On The Source Of Nile

A three-hour launch cruise down the bottom of the falls following it is special and enjoyable as visitors see hippos, crocodiles, elephant waterbucks, and many water birds.

Bird watchers who love to hear and see different birds singing, swimming, eating, playing, resting and relaxing have to take a special boat towards the associated swamps along the Albert delta and to Pakwach Bridge following the Nile.

 Paraa safari lodge, Nile Safari Lodge, and Sambiya River lodge offer descent, classic accommodation. Budget travelers are accommodated at Red Chilli Hideaway. 

This River Nile flows for approximately 500 km from Lake Victoria to Lake Kyoga. It again travels another (300 miles) to Lake Albert. After leaving Lake Albert, the river is known as the Albert Nile which flows into Sudan, where its called Bahr al Jabal (“River of the Mountain”).

At the confluence of the Bahr al Jabal with the Bahr al-Ghazal, itself 720 km (445 miles) long, the river becomes known as the Bahr al Abyad, or the White Nile. After Sudan, the River Nile then flows through Egypt into the Mediterranean Sea where it pours its waters.

Comparisons of River Nile and its History from Time Immemorial Up to Present Day

The ‘River Nile’. You don’t get a River Amazon or a River Mississippi. The ‘Mighty Nile’ is in terms of volume much smaller than many other major rivers; only 2% volume of the Amazon, 15% of the Mississippi, 20% of the Mekong; its flow is comparable to the Rhine. But there is special significance to this river both in the past and the present.

White Water Rafting On River Nile

Perhaps the most important river in the world, it certainly touches all of us with its history and mystic. There is little doubt that success or failure in managing its precious waters will spell success or disaster for the peaceful development of North Africa in the 21st century’

 Egypt is and was the “Gift of the Nile” (wrote Herodotus the Greek ‘Father of History’ who lived in the 5th century BCE) and its gifts of water and rich Ethiopian mud nurtured a civilization that flourished for almost 3000 years before the Roman Empire began.

Its banks witnessed the dramas of Joseph and Moses, and the Holy Family found refuge there from Herod.

Until the Aswan High Dam was constructed, the Nile rose and flooded the Nile valley every summer, and ancient people wondered why the river would swell during the hottest and driest time of the year.

This wonder led naturally to the question of where the Nile originated. Until recently it was known as the longest river in the world.

The most distant source in ‘river miles’ being from a spring in the Nyungwe Forest in Rwanda which is 6,695km (approximately, depending on where the river mouth is defined) from where it reaches the Mediterranean Sea.

In June 2007 a team of Brazilian scientists claimed to have found a new source for the Amazon starting in southern Peru, putting the source of that river 6,800km from the mouth. This debate could be ongoing – note that the University of Dallas Geology Dept.

specifies the length of the River Nile as 6825 km. It is the only large river that flows south to north and is unusual in starting in the volcanic highlands of equatorial Africa while the second half wanders through the largest and most arid region on earth, the Sahara Desert, with its last tributary (the Atbara) joining it roughly halfway to the sea (most other great rivers join with other large streams as they approach the sea).

On its journey from the center to the north of Africa, the river passes through remarkable geographic diversity, matched only by the great diversity of different peoples living along its banks and the variation in flora and fauna to be found in the Nile basin. 

There is a huge catchment area of about 3,254,555 square kilometers (1,256,591 sq mi), about 10% of the area of Africa (From Wikipedia) and more than 1/3 of the total size of the USA. The two great tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile, combine in Khartoum with the Atbara River attaching itself downstream below Shendi. The White Nile is the longer of the two principal branches. 

In Uganda, the White Nile is divided into two sections.

The ‘Victoria Nile’ flows from Lake Victoria, past our home at Bujagali Falls, through Lake Kyoga, then over Karuma and Kabarega (Murchison) Falls into Lake Albert.

From there to the Sudanese border it is called the ‘Albert Nile’.

From Nimule, it passes by Juba and becomes known as the Bahr al Jabal (River of the Mountain).

For about 100km it crashes down through some spectacular white water sections and then levels out with the flow disappearing into a huge area of swampland known as the Sudd.

This almost impregnable section finally drains into Lake No, where it is joined by another river coming from the west called the Bahr al-Ghazal or Bahr al Arab, which itself is 716 kilometers (445 mi) long.

Just downstream from Lake No is the confluence of the Sorbet River. From there the Nile is known as the Bahr al Abyad, or White Nile, from the whitish clay suspended in its waters.

The term “White Nile” is used in both a general sense, referring to the entire river above Khartoum, and a limited sense, the section between Lake No and Khartoum.

In Uganda, there are 2 main tributaries for the River Nile. The water from Lake Victoria flowing along the Victoria Nile meets water from southwestern Uganda at the north end of Lake Albert.

The catchment’s area for this water is formed by the northern face of the Virunga Mountains, the eastern faces of the Ruwenzori’s and the streams and rivers that wind their way to Lake Edward.

Likewise, the rivers between Mbarara and Fort Portal flow into Lake George and from there eventually flow down the Semliki River which in turn feeds the larger Lake Albert.

The most distant watersheds for the River Nile are located south of Uganda. The southernmost source is in Burundi where water from a spring over 2,000m above sea-level, on the slopes of Mt Kikizi, eventually flows into the Ruvubu River.

The most distant source of the River Nile (i.e. farthest from the Mediterranean in ‘river miles’) is located in Rwanda on the slopes of Mt Bigugu.

This furthermost spring is over 2,960m high. Both watersheds flow into the Kagera River which runs along the Rwanda / Tanzania border and from there into Lake Victoria on its western shore.

 

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